Retiring to Portugal?
Portugal oﬀers a special regime for new residents with attractive tax opportunities for foreign pensioners.
This summary provides a brief overview and explains the main guidelines and potential implications of the non-habitual resident (“NHR”) regime for foreigners and Portuguese individuals settling in Portugal after an extended period of living abroad. It deals mainly with individuals receiving pension income. A separate brochure is available for employed and self-employed individuals.
Overview of the regime
Individuals covered by the NHR regime can beneﬁt from a special personal income tax (”PIT”) regime for a ten year period.
The 2020 State Budget introduced slight changes on the tax treatment of some types of income.
Foreign source pensions (including periodic and lump sum payments from life insurances policies, pension funds, retirement savings plan and other complementary social security regimes) are liable to a 10% ﬂat rate with the possibility of oﬀsetting the taxes eventually paid in the country of source.
Other types of income
For each type of income, a speciﬁc set of conditions apply in order to determine if it can indeed be tax exempt in Portugal or taxed at a special rate. This analysis must be addressed on a case, by case basis.
Generically speaking, this regime allows other types of foreign source of income to be tax exempt in Portugal if:
Qualifying for the NHR status
To qualify as a NHR, an individual must meet the following requirements:
An individual is tax resident in Portugal for any year in which:
Any day (or part of the day) spent in Portugal will count as one day if the individual stays overnight in Portugal. Residency is established as of the ﬁrst day of permanence in the country.
Registration as NHR
Recognition of this status is not automatic and requires activation by attending to the following:
Nevertheless, in case the Portuguese Tax Authorities have doubts about the individual’s eﬀective tax position, additional documents can be requested, e.g. tax residency certiﬁcate(s) and other documents to prove that the personal and economic interests of the individual were located in other State in the ﬁve years preceding the arrival in Portugal.
The NHR status has to be requested until March 31 of the year after taking up residency in Portugal Note: These rules apply to individuals registered as tax residents as of April 1, 2020.
Individuals already registered as NHRs or that registered as tax residents before April 1, 2020 (who applied/will apply for the NHR regime within the deadline) may elect to beneﬁt from the exemption regime previously in force.
Portugal does not have wealth taxes. Only local taxes on Portuguese real estate apply (as described below).
Acquisition of property
Portugal levies a municipal tax on the acquisition of Portuguese properties at rates up to 7.5%. Stamp tax duty at 0.8% is also due on the same amount.
Annual property tax
Portugal levies an annual municipal tax based on the registered value of Portuguese real estate at rates between 0.3% and 0.45% (depending on the municipality and the type of real estate). Additional Property Tax will also be levied at a rate between 0.7% and 1.5% on properties with registered tax value equal or higher than €600,000. Note: rates may be higher depending on several factors (type of property, type of owner, etc).
Stamp Duty is levied at a 10% rate on Portuguese assets only except for spouses, descendants and ascendants, who are exempt.
Stamp Duty is levied on gifts located in Portugal at a 10% rate except for spouses, descendants and ascendants, who are exempt. An additional rate of 0.8% is due on gifts of real estate.
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The information provided is an introduction to possible tax consequences of a move to Portugal. It is intended only to be summary and simpliﬁcations have therefore been made. Individual advice must be obtained before acting on any of the matters covered herein. There may be tax implications in other countries as well. Tax Treaties concluded by Portugal and the Multilateral Convention to Implement Tax Treaty
Related Measures may also be relevant to some of the above taxes.